2.1 What is AI Art?

AI Art (Algorithmic Art): AI Art or Algorithmic Art is a form of visual art where the design is generated by an algorithm. It's a subset of generative art and is related to systems art. Algorithmic artists, sometimes referred to as algorists, use mathematical, computational, or generative input to create art. The process may include computer code, functions, expressions, or other algorithms that determine the final form of the artwork.

The creation of AI art can be executed on a computer or a cluster of computers, and the final output is typically displayed on a computer monitor, printed with a raster-type printer, or drawn using a plotter. Variability can be introduced by using pseudo-random numbers, and the algorithm may operate on existing images or generate new ones.

Fractal art is an example of algorithmic art, and the field also includes other varieties such as those using genetic algorithms. The role of the artist in the creation process is essential, as they devise the algorithm and may introduce external factors or organic gestural input to modify the algorithm's output.

AI art is not limited to digital forms; some artists have used algorithms to produce paintings that visualize music without using a computer. The field continues to evolve, reflecting the ongoing role of algorithms in society and art.

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